Skip to main content

Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

See other formats

05 their arrival at Brinda-ban, the first striae wMch foe Gosalas erected
TOS one in BOUGHT of the eponymous goddess Briada Devi Of this no traces
now remain. If (as some say) it stood in the SeTa TSLunj, -which Is now a large
•wailed garden wish a masonry tank near the Ras SlandaL Their fame spread so
rapidlv that In 1573 the Emperor Akbar was induced TO pay them a visit, and
was taken Blindfold into the sacred enclosure of the Nldhbaa,* where such
a marvellous vision was revealed to him,, that he was fain to acknowledge the
place as indeed holy ground Hence the cordial support "which he gave to the
attendant Riijas, when they expressed their wish to erect a series of buildings
more worthy of the local divinity,
The four temples, commenced in honour of this event, still remain^ though in
a ruinous and hitherto sadly neglected condition. They bear the titles of
Golind Deva, Gopi-nath, Jugal-Kisbor and Madan Mohan. The first named is
not oaly the finest of this particular series, but is the most impressive religious
edifice that Hindu art has ever produced, at least in Upper India. The body
of the building is in the form of a Greek crosSj the nave being a hundred feet
ia length and the breadth across the transepts the same. The central compart-
ment is surmounted by a dome of singularly graceful proportions ; and the four
arms of the cross are roofed by a waggon vault of pointed form, nots as is Tismai
in Hindu architecture, composed of overlapping brackets, but constructed of
true radiating arches as ia our Gothic cathedrals. The wails have an average
thickness of ten feet and are pierced in two stages^ the upper stage being a
regular triforinm. to which access is obtained by an internal staircase^ as in the
somewhat later temple of Badha Ballabh, which, will be described further on.
This triforium is a reproduction of Xuhaaimadan design, while the work both
above and below it is purely Hindu, f & should be noted, however, that the
* This is the local name of tie acte! Briadi groye, to which the town owes its origin.   The
tpofc w designated is now of rery limited area} hemmed ia oa all sides by street®, tat protected
from farther encroachment by a high masonry wall. The name refers to the nine nidM% or
treasures, of KnretRj the god of wealth. They are enumerated as follows: the Padm&j Mahi»
podma, Smfclia, Makaia, Kachhapas Muknnda, N&ada, Ki!a» and Kfaarva; tet it is not known in
irlsat preciae tense each separate term is to be taken. For example, Padma may mean sisapl j
a * iotas/ or again, M a number, * !0S000 miEions/ or yoiaiblj^ * a niby/
t Thm eclecticism, which after ill is oaly mtaral growth directed by focal drcfflmlaiicesj
tea for ceruiiiei put bem the predwumnt dmracteriatlc sf M«ihuti aieMfectare.  I& most, of